Ephesians Study – Observations, Part 2

If you haven’t read Part 1 of my Observations of Ephesians, you may wish to do so. There is so much teaching and insight to glean from a study of this book. Continuing on from Part 1, here are a few more observations I made.

What God Does

For chapters 1-3, I made a list of everything God does. (I probably should have continued on with chapters 4-6, but oops, I did not.) Here’s what I came up with for Chapters 1-3:

  • He blessed us in Christ (1:3)
  • He chose us in Christ (1:4)
  • He predestines for adoption (1:5)
  • He blesses us with grace (1:6)
  • He redeems and forgives (1:7)
  • He lavished grace upon us (1:8)
  • He makes his will known to us (1:9)
  • He sealed us with the Holy Spirit (1:13)
  • He gives wisdom and knowledge (1:17)
  • He raised Christ from the dead (1:20)
  • He put Christ at his right hand (1:20)
  • He gave Christ authority over all things (1:22)
  • He makes us alive with Christ (2:5)
  • He raises us up and seats us with Christ (2:6)
  • He saves by grace (2:8)
  • He created us to do good works (2:10)
  • He gave grace to Paul (3:2)
  • He made known the mystery of Christ to Paul (3:3)
  • He strengthens us (3:16)

Study of Riches

I also looked at the occurrences of “rich” and “riches” to learn what is said about that. I asked the 5 Ws and an H. Here’s what I learned:

Who is rich and in what?

  • God is rich in grace (1:7)
  • God is rich in mercy (2:4)
  • God is rich in glory (3:16)

How are these riches described?

  • an inheritance (1:18)
  • immeasurable (2:7)
  • unsearchable (3:8)

What is done with the riches?

  • We are given forgiveness and redemption because of God’s richness (1:7)
  • They are lavished upon us in wisdom and insight (1:8)
  • We know the hope God has called us to because of the riches (1:18)
  • God made us alive in Christ because of his rich mercy (2:4-5)
  • Grace was given to Paul to tell the Gentiles (unbelievers) about the unsearchable riches of Christ (3:8)
  • God strengthens us because of his rich glory (3:16)


Armor of God

I also made a short list of each piece of armor God provides for our protection. These armor pieces are compared to a typical Roman soldier’s armor, so that everyone reading the book of Ephesians at the time it was written would be able to make a connection to something with which they were already familiar. The armor pieces (found in Ephesians 6: 13-17) are as follows:

  • The Belt of Truth
  • Breastplate of Righteousness
  • Shoes of readiness, which is given by the gospel of peace
  • Shield of Faith, which allows you to extinguish the flaming darts of the evil one
  • Helmet of Salvation
  • Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God

The major thing to notice here is that out of the 6 pieces of armor listed, only 1 is an offensive weapon; the rest are defensive in nature, which seems to imply that believers of Christ need to be ready to defend themselves more than taking the offensive approach.

The final Observations part involved filling in the Ephesians Observations Chart at the end of the book (in my study Bible). To read what I wrote there, please come back tomorrow for Part 3 of Ephesians Study – Observations.



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